Herpes Meningoencephalitis

What is herpes meningoencephalitis?

Herpes meningoencephalitis is an inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord, which is triggered by the herpes simplex virus. The infection lives in the body of a sick person throughout the life of a single infection with a virus, and in 17-25% of cases after treatment, the development of a recurrent disease is observed.

How does it manifest itself?

With proper and timely treatment of herpes meningoencephalitis, it is possible to overcome the pathology within a few weeks. If you run meningitis, there may be complications up to death. The disease is characterized by pronounced, cerebral, toxic symptoms that are accompanied by cerebral edema and the development of irreversible necrotic lesions, including the death of brain neurons. The disease begins with symptoms similar to acute respiratory viral infections, while there are still rashes on the body of a vesicular nature, often a general impairment of coordination during movement is developed. In case of  herpes meningoencephalitis, the patients observe the following symptoms:

  • body temperature rises;
  • there are headaches, temporal and frontal areas hurt;
  • photophobia occurs;
  • repeated bouts of nausea and vomiting;
  • fever;
  • aggression;
  • rashes on the mucous epithelium;
  • increased fatigue;
  • visual or auditory hallucinations.

Who treats the disease?

If a patient has several symptoms of  herpes meningoencephalitis, you should immediately consult a infectious disease specialist and a neurologist. This is necessary in order to refute the diagnosis or, if confirmed, to immediately begin treatment, since, among the general structure, 6% of all neurological diseases are caused by the herpes virus, which leads to disability or death of patients.

Diagnostic Methods for herpes meningoencephalitis

In order to diagnose herpes meningoencephalitis, specialists conduct analysis of data on cerebrospinal fluid (cerebral cerebral fluid), which constantly circulates in the brain. Diagnosis of the disease is carried out using the detection of antibodies that are active on the 12th day from the moment of infection with the virus. There are also methods for rapid detection of the virus using appropriate blood tests and cerebrospinal fluid, through spinal puncture. Next, the results are sent to the laboratory, where experts conduct research. Without treatment for herpetic meningitis, a person may die. This is primarily due to the fact that the disease dramatically increases the growth of protein, comes lymphocytic pleocytosis – a phenomenon in which the polymorphism of lymphocytic cells in the cerebrospinal fluid.

Prevention methods

In case of prophylaxis, the following recommendations should be followed:

Healthy people are advised to avoid the possibility of contact with the sick and airborne infection.

Using contraception will reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infections and as a result of herpes meningoencephalitis.

Normalized physical activity and proper nutrition will strengthen the immune system.

Pay more attention to the rules of personal hygiene.

Timely consultation with a doctor will help to get more information about the possibility of infection of the disease.

Since the herpes virus lives in every person, and activates its activity in conditions of reduced immunity, the main preventive measure is to maintain immunity in tone, strengthening the body’s protective functions with the help of vitamin preparations, timely treatment of acute infectious diseases and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

Since the herpes virus lives in every person, and activates its activity in conditions of reduced immunity, the main preventive measure is to maintain immunity in tone, strengthening the body’s protective functions with the help of vitamin preparations, timely treatment of acute infectious diseases and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.